Sunday, March 16, 2008

Tomol Canoe

Discovery Channel on with story of Yellowstone Buffalo...Buffalo Field Campaign...want to remember that...brb after Fauna and Flora post!...back....lemego look for this buffalo group before the canoe...brb...

Here's their site:

Now, about the Canoe...

The Dover Boat, and Egyptian Pyramid Boat are Bronze Age boats...and their construction refered to as a "Bronze" age technology...brb...


The world's oldest known seagoing boat


I dont know if they mean that it is the oldest boat found....oldest seagoing boat found....or is the only seagoing boat of this stitched together technology that's ever been found...and represents a Bronze Age technology that predates all boats or seagoing boats...brb's a quibble...


The Ferriby Boats are three Bronze Age sewn plank-built boats, parts of which were discovered at North Ferriby in the East Riding of the English county of Yorkshire. Only a small number of boats of a similar period have been found in Britain and the Ferriby examples are the earliest known boats to be found in Europe.


brb...'s site with replica just launched...


What I'm thinking here is that everyone is thinking the stitched plank technology was thought up during the early Bronze Age...trying to find someone who says that...brb...

Here's a really neat site on how to build a stitched together canoe...with some history of same...which reminds me that Indian birch bark canoes are likely stitched together.. brb...


Birchbark canoes are most commonly associated with Native Americans of northern New England regions, but were probably produced where ever the birch tree grew to sufficient diameter. Early European written records indicate that birchbark canoes were built in all sizes, made small for a single person or fashioned in an incredible size to carry an amazing 50 paddlers. These canoes ranged in length between 10 and 24 feet.


It would be a small step from the canoe made this way to making a wood plank boat...brb..Oh...I've read of these Egyptian boats...but didn't realize they too are from Abydos...


According to boat expert Cheryl Ward, the mode of construction is unique among surviving ancient Egyptian boats. About 75 feet in length and seven to ten feet in width at the widest point, these boats are only about two feet deep, with narrowing prows and sterns. The portion of the boat hull excavated revealed thick wooden planks, lashed together by rope fed through mortises. The seams between the planks were filled with bundles of reeds, while additional reeds carpeted the floor of the boat. Internal framing – a universal aspect of later shipbuilding – is not in evidence, and some of the boats in their graves appear twisted or lopsided, symptomatic of vessels without an internal structure to support them out of the water.


That site has a link to Norse boats...

and another...


The Halsnøy boat – two thousand years of boat history.The Halsnøy boat is one of Scandinavia’s oldest finds of plank boats, stitched together with lime bast cord and rowed with oars.


neat stuff!...

well...shorten this up with search: stone age boat building


The newest discovery at the northern New York Army post is a prehistoric boat-building site near what would have been the shoreline of Glacial Lake Iroquois. A team of Fort Drum archaeologists surveying a wooded hillside near where the Army is putting a new training site unearthed an unusual looking stone tool. With the help of a U.S. Marine archaeologist, the team was able to identify it as a triangular-pointed reamer, a typical prehistoric boat-building tool. They also found a punch and other three-dimensional blade tools. The discovery was made half way down on a sloping wooded hillside that ended with a sharp 100-foot plunge. "At that time, it would have been a bay or inlet. It would have been a perfect beach for building and launching boats," said Dr. Laurie Rush, Fort Drum's chief archaeologist. With the help of other experts, Rush has estimated the site is about 11,000 years old - about the time Indians first arrived in what is now upstate New York.


How I got from today I realized the Chumash Tomol Canoe was a "stone age" canoe...they were a stone age bronze.

So I thought the stitching technology is a stone age technology...not bronze...and since the Chumash took their canoes to Santa Barbara Island...well...the mind boggles...people could have been messing about in these boats for a very long time!!..and they are ocean going!

Here's a book I found that has the thought too that plank boats could be Neolithic...

Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times By Sean McGrail

Oh...the author has a nice thought on page 43o...speculating that the two places on the Pacific side of the Americas..Southern Chile, and Santa Barbara...the only two places where plank boats are reported...if allowed to develop...would they have become major centers of seagoing only plank boats make that possible?'s link to page

the dalca


These Cuncos were the most civilized people in Chile.They physically separated themselves from the Huilliche by crossing Chacao channel and established themselves in the Chiloe archipelago, an area where man cannot lived unless he ventures into the sea.The Cuncos built boats, docks, and captured fish by making use of the difference in the tides. They built fences at the edge of low tide and after the cycle was completed, they picked up the trapped fish. Their boats were known as dalcas.
The dalca was probably the best native boat found in pre-Hispanic America. It was solidly built by putting together three boards of alerce, a wood similar to the California redwood. The joints were held together by leather tongs or vegetable fibers and caulking was accomplished with either animal or vegetable products.To reinforce its sides, the Indians used wooden ribs, held in place with wooden dowels that swelled under water


maybe I can find a pic...

well...a mental word pic here...from a Spanish conquistador!...

The Sea-craft of Prehistory By Paul Johnstone

And found a pic...from a Spanish wiki wikipedia..

Wild Bill on...just plain weird...and they all talk like hillbillies...Wild Bill not to be confused with Buffalo Bill...though however!..
In 1855 Hickok, then 18, had a fight with Charles Hudson which resulted in both falling into a canal. Mistakenly thinking he had killed Hudson, Hickok fled and joined General Jim Lane's Free State Army ("The Red Legs") where he met then 12 year old William Cody, later to be known as "Buffalo Bill", who at that time was a scout for Johnston's Army.[1
There was a Buffalo ranch out along McArthur in Irvine...and of course on Catalina still..
The first modern Tomol was built and launched in 1976 as a result of a joint venture between Quabajai Chumash descendants of The Coastal Band of the Chumash Nation and the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. The tomol was named Helek, the Chumash word for Falcon. The descendants reformed the Brotherhood of the Tomol, paddled around the Santa Barbara Channel Islands on a ten day journey, stopping on each island. The second tomol, the Elye'wun ("swordfish"), was launched in 1997. On September 9, 2001 by the Chumash Maritime Association, several Chumash bands and descendants came together to paddle from the mainland to Santa Cruz Island in the Elye'wun.
The Santa Ynez Band of Chumash run a casino on their reservation in Santa Ynez, California.
And legend has it they came from Santa Cruz Island to the mainland...
Tree in the Door

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